Treaty of Versailles

Armistice Europe

Europe 1919.0628

Treaty of Versailles

The Treaty of Versailles and the European Revolutions in the wake of World War I (28 June 1919)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

While Europe united to crush Communism, the Allies imposed the Treaty of Versailles on Germany. The effects of this Treaty were to: restrict Germany's ability to wage war; force Germany to pay huge reparations for the War; surrender German territory to France, Belgium, and Poland; make Danzig a free city; and create plebiscite zones with Denmark and Poland (where the local people would later vote for which country they would belong to).

Main Events

Hungarian-Romanian War begins

Italian occupation of Adalia

After a number of temporary landings starting on 28 March 1919, Italian troops disembark at Antalya (which was called Adalia at the time), southwest Anatolia, occupying Fethiye, Marmaris, and Bodrum soon after. The occupation is generally peaceful, with the Italians portraying themselves as pro-Turkish and avoiding conflict with the locals.

German army retakes Munich

Slovak Soviet Republic

The Slovak Soviet Republic was declared in Prešov, Slovakia, under the leadership of Czech journalist and Communist, Antonín Janoušek. The republic was effectively a puppet state of the neighboring Hungarian Soviet Republic, which had occupied the territory in its war with Czechoslovakia. The Hungarians were soon expelled, with Prešov falling to Czechoslovak troops on 7 July.

Treaty of Versailles

Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles, officially ending its state of war with the Allied Powers. The treaty required Germany to accept War Guilt, disarm, cede 65,000 square km of territory containing 7 million people to its neighbors, and pay considerable reparations (assessed to be 132 billion Marks in 1921).

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