Europe 1856: End of the Crimean War
The siege of Sevastopol was poorly managed by both sides, but eventually the Allies prevailed. In 1856, under the additional threat of Austria entering the war, Russia agreed to terms. At the Treaty of Paris, the Russians ceded land to Moldavia and accepted the demilitarization of the Black Sea. In addition, all five Great Powers pledged to respect the independence and territorial integrity of the Ottoman Empire. The Crimean War was over.
26 Jan 1855 Sardinia joins Allies▲
The Kingdom of Sardinia/Piedmont joined the alliance against Russia in the Crimean War.
18 Jun–28 Nov 1855 Russians capture Kars▲
Forces of Russian Empire besieged and captured Kars, Ottoman Empire.
9 Sep 1855 Sevastopol falls▲
Following the French capture of the fortifications on the Malakoff, the Russian military was forced to evacuate the key Black Sea port of Sevastopol, Crimea, on 8 September 1855, bringing an end to the nearly one-year siege and signalling Russian defeat in the Crimean War. The following day, the Allies moved in to occupy the city.
3 Oct 1855 Turks land in Abkhazia▲
Ottoman forces under Omar Pasha landed at Sukhumi, Abkhazia, in an attempt to relieve Kars.
30 Mar 1856 Treaty of Paris▲
The Russian Empire signed the Treaty of Paris with the French Empire, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Sardinia, bringing an end to the Crimean War. By the terms of the treaty, the Black Sea was made neutral territory, closing it to all warships and prohibiting fortifications and armaments on its shores. This weakened the power of Russia, which also had to cede land in Bessarabia to Moldavia.