Hungarian War of Independence

The Springtime of Peoples

Europe 1849.0414

Hungarian War of Independence

The Year of Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848-1849, the Hungarian Revolution, the First Italian War of Unification and the First Schleswig War (14 April 1849)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

Austria's success in Italy was not matched in Hungary, where the revolution had been reignited when the Austrian government ruled to reduce Hungarian lands and rights within the Empire. With compromise no longer possible, the Hungarians declared independence in April.

Main Events

Frankfurt Constitution

The German National Assembly in Frankfurt proclaimed the Constitution of the German Empire (Frankfurt Constitution), to come into effect the following day.

Frankfurt parliament elects Frederick William of Prussia as Emperor of Germans

The German National Assembly in Frankfurt elected Frederick William IV, King of Prussia, as 'Emperor of the Germans.' Frederick William IV declined to accept the crown as it came from the common people, instead wishing to receive it from the German Princes.

Genoa Uprising

Genoa threw off the rule of Kingdom of Sardinia and declared a provisional government; Sardinian forces then recaptured and sacked the city.

Tuscany recalls Grand Duke Leopold

Fearing an Austrian invasion, the municipal council of Florence, Tuscan Republic, usurped the power of the constituent assembly and recalled Grand Duke Leopold.

Hungary declares independence

The Hungarian Diet at Debrecen proclaimed the independence of Hungary from the Austrian Empire, with Louis Kossuth as Governor-President, keeping the status of the monarchy undecided.

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