Outbreak of the Austro-Prussian War

German Unification

Europe 1866.0614

Outbreak of the Austro-Prussian War

German Unification (14 June 1866)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

After the war with Denmark, Austria and Prussia were left in control of Schleswig-Holstein. However the Prussian Prime Minister Otto von Bismarck really wanted both duchies and connived to provoke a war with Austria. Most of the German states backed Austria, voting for mobilization against Prussia in the German Federal Diet.

Main Events

American Civil War ends

Gastein Convention gives Holstein to Austria and Schleswig, Kiel and Lauenburg to Prussia

Italy and Prussia form alliance against Austria

Under U.S. pressure, France begins withdrawing its troops from Mexico

Prussia occupies Holstein

Federal Diet in Germany votes for mobilization against Prussian intervention in Holstein

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