Europe 1860: Expedition of the Thousand
In return for French support, Sardinia ceded Savoy and Nice to France. Free to move south, the Sardinians secretly sent the famed Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi with a thousand volunteers to land in Sicily and overthrow the powerful Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
18 Mar 1860 Kingdom of Sardinia annexes United Provinces of Central Italy▲
Kingdom of Sardinia annexes United Provinces of Central Italy
24 Mar 1860 Treaty of Turin▲
In exchange for French support against Austria in the War of 1859, Sardinia had agreed to cede Nice and Savoy to France. The ensuing Treaty of Turin moderated this promise, outlining that the cession of each territory must be approved by a local plebiscite. Both plebiscites resulted in majority “yes” votes, resulting in French annexation.
11 May 1860 Garibaldi’s Redshirts land at Marsala▲
Garibaldi’s Redshirts land at Marsala
27–28 May 1860 Garibaldi’s Redshirts take Palermo▲
Garibaldi’s Redshirts take Palermo