Europe 1917: Collapse of the Eastern Front
The Brusilov Offensive was to be Russia’s last major campaign of the War. Its nearest ally, Romania, was quickly occupied while the Russian Empire’s own political, economic, and military troubles would lead to an overthrow of its government in March.
29 Sep 1916 Greek National Schism▲
The outbreak of World War I greatly escalated tensions between the Greek King Constantine I, who favored neutrality, and Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos, who favored entering the war on the side of the Allies. In 1915, Constantine dismissed Venizelos, who established a rival government, the Provisional Government of National Defense, in Allied-occupied Thessaloniki the following year.
5 Nov 1916 Act of 5th November▲
On 5 November 1916, Emperors Wilhelm II of Germany and Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary proclaimed the establishment of the Kingdom of Poland, comprising most of what had been Congress Poland. Although many of the Allies supported Polish independence, the proclamation was merely a pretext to conscript Polish troops into the war against Russia, with eventual plans to annex much of the territory.
6 Dec 1916 Central Powers occupy Bucharest▲
Just four months after entering the war, Romanian forces were forced to retreat east by the Austrians and Germans led by Field Marshal August von Mackensen. On 6 December, the Central Powers entered Bucharest, forcing the Romanian government to retreat to Iași.