Convention of Kütahya
The 1832 Egyptian victory over the Ottoman Empire at Konya left Constantinople defenseless, driving the Sultan to request Russian support ...
The Egyptian rejection of the 1840 London Convention led to the Oriental Crisis, threatening the collapse of the Ottoman Empire ...
Britain's Splendid Isolation
At the close of the Nineteenth Century, Britain was still Europe's foremost power but was facing ever greater competition ...
In October 1908, a new round in the dismantling of the Ottoman Empire began when Bulgaria declared independence and Austria-Hungary ...
Collapse of the Eastern Front
The Brusilov Offensive was to be Russia's last major campaign of the War. Its nearest ally, Romania, was quickly ...
Southern Asia 1941
In April 1941, the British-backed government of Iraq was overthrown in a coup. The new government threatened the RAF bases ...
Eve of Barbarossa
British forces successfully ended German influence in Iraq and Syria, but narrowly failed to defeat a German airborne invasion of ...