Europe 1814: Congress of Vienna
Having achieved victory over Napoleon, the states of Europe met in Vienna to redraw the map of the continent in a manner which would secure lasting peace and maintain the conservative status quo. As such the Congress of Vienna rejected republicanism and nationalism in favor of a balance of power. However, while the Congress quickly agreed that Austrian dominance in Italy and Dutch rule over Belgium would usefully counterbalance France, the trickier issue of how to divide Germany and Poland would take months of negotiation.
26 Jul–14 Aug 1814 Swedish–Norwegian War of 1814▲
Rejecting Norway’s declaration of independence (May 1814), Sweden invaded southern Norway in late July. The Norwegians defended well, but soon realized that they would inevitably lose the war. On 14 August the two sides agreed to a ceasefire, the Convention of Moss, whereby Norway retained its constitution but entered into personal union with Sweden.
27 Sep–30 Dec 1814 Hadži-Prodan’s rebellion▲
In September 1814 the veteran Hadži-Prodan led a Serbian rebellion against Ottoman rule in the Sanjak of Smederevo (“‘Belgrade Pashaluk”). He found some support in Požega, Kragujevac, and Jagodina, but was directly opposed by a number of Serbs including Miloš Obrenović, also a veteran of the First Serbian Uprising (1804–13) and the future Prince of Serbia. The rebellion soon failed, forcing Hadži-Prodan to flee to Austria.
1 Nov 1814–9 Jun 1815 Congress of Vienna▲
The Congress of Vienna—a conference of ambassadors from most of the European states chaired by Austrian stateman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich—met in Vienna, capital of the Austrian Empire. The Congress redrew the map of Europe to settle issues arising from the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. Most notably it increased the territory of Prussia, Austria, and Russia, and created a united Netherlands (including modern Belgium).