Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 1 November 1814 (Congress of Vienna): Having achieved victory over Napoleon (War of the Sixth Coalition), the states of Europe met in Vienna (Congress of Vienna) to redraw the map of the continent in a manner which would secure lasting peace and maintain the conservative status quo (Conservative Order). As such the Congress of Vienna rejected republicanism and nationalism in favor of a balance of power (Concert of Europe). However, while the Congress quickly agreed that Austrian dominance in Italy (Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia) and Dutch rule over Belgium (United Kingdom of the Netherlands) would usefully counterbalance France, the trickier issue of how to divide Germany (German Confederation) and Poland (Congress Poland) would take months of negotiation.