Europe 1945: Division of Germany
With the Nazis defeated, the four Allied powers - Britain, France, the US, and the Soviet Union - divided Germany into four occupation zones, marking additional German territory in the east for later Polish and Soviet annexation. The German capital of Berlin was also divided into four zones, as was Austria and its capital, Vienna.
5 Jun 1945 Allied division of Germany▲
The victorious Allied powers of France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States divided defeated Germany into four occupation zones, with Poland taking control of territory east of the Oder River that it would later annex. The Allies also divided Berlin into four sectors of occupation. US forces remained in the Soviet zone of Germany until early July, when they withdrew westward.
26 Jun 1945 United Nations Charter▲
The United Nations Charter was signed at the San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center in San Francisco, United States, by fifty of the original fifty-one founding members (Poland, the only founding member not present, would sign the charter two months later). The treaty entered into force on 24 October 1945, after being ratified by the five permanent members of the security council - China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States - and a majority of the other signatories.
3 Jul 1945 Three-power occupation of Berlin takes effect▲
Three-power occupation of Berlin takes effect
9 Jul 1945 Allies agree on their occupation zones in Austria▲
Allies agree on their occupation zones in Austria