Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 13 July 1945 (Division of Germany): With the Nazis defeated (Victory in Europe Day), the four Allied powers (Allies of World War II) - Britain, France, the US, and the Soviet Union - divided Germany into four occupation zones (Allied-occupied Germany), marking additional German territory in the east for later Polish and Soviet annexation (Oder%E2%80%93Neisse line). The German capital of Berlin was also divided into four zones (Allied occupation of Berlin), as was Austria and its capital, Vienna (Allied-occupied Austria).