Europe 1982: Islamic Resurgence
To defuse tensions in the Middle East, the US encouraged a permanent peace settlement between Egypt and Israel. However, while Egypt and the Arab nationalists were largely coming to terms with the West, a fundamentalist Islam was on the rise that opposed both Cold War alliances. In 1979, an Islamist revolution in Iran overthrew the pro-Western Shah. Later that year, Soviet forces invaded Afghanistan to support its Communist government against a similar uprising.
21–24 Jul 1977 Libyan-Egyptian War▲
In July 1977, Egypt accused Libya of sponsoring terrorist activities within Egypt in protest of Egyptian peace talks with Israel, leading to a short border war between the two countries. Egypt was victorious, resulting in a ceasefire and return to status quo ante bellum
5–17 Sep 1978 Camp David Talks▲
The high cost of the Yom Kippur War convinced Egypt and Israel to negotiate for peace. In September 1978, the United States mediated talks resulting in a 1979 peace treaty. Israel relinquished control of the Sinai in exchange for recognition by Egypt and partial demilitarization on the peninsula.
16 Jan 1979 Iranian Revolution▲
Shah Muhammed Reza Pahlavi forced to leave Iran after months of rioting
25 Dec 1979 Soviet Union begins invasion of Afghanistan in support of its Marxist government▲
Soviet Union begins invasion of Afghanistan in support of its Marxist government
31 Aug 1980–15 Dec 1981 Solidarity movement in Poland▲
Solidarity movement in Poland
22 Sep 1980 Iraq invades Iran▲
Iraq invades Iran