Europe 1982: Islamic Resurgence

To defuse tensions in the Middle East, the US encouraged a permanent peace settlement between Egypt and Israel. However, while Egypt and the Arab nationalists were largely coming to terms with the West, a fundamentalist Islam was on the rise that opposed both Cold War alliances. In 1979, an Islamist revolution in Iran overthrew the pro-Western Shah. Later that year, Soviet forces invaded Afghanistan to support its Communist government against a similar uprising.

Main Events

21–24 Jul 1977 Libyan-Egyptian War

In July 1977, Egypt accused Libya of sponsoring terrorist activities within Egypt in protest of Egyptian peace talks with Israel, leading to a short border war between the two countries. Egypt was victorious, resulting in a ceasefire and return to status quo ante bellumin wikipedia

5–17 Sep 1978 Camp David Talks

The high cost of the Yom Kippur War convinced Egypt and Israel to negotiate for peace. In September 1978, the United States mediated talks resulting in a 1979 peace treaty. Israel relinquished control of the Sinai in exchange for recognition by Egypt and partial demilitarization on the wikipedia

16 Jan 1979 Iranian Revolution

Shah Muhammed Reza Pahlavi forced to leave Iran after months of riotingin wikipedia

25 Dec 1979 Soviet Union begins invasion of Afghanistan in support of its Marxist government

Soviet Union begins invasion of Afghanistan in support of its Marxist governmentin wikipedia

31 Aug 1980–15 Dec 1981 Solidarity movement in Poland

Solidarity movement in Polandin wikipedia

22 Sep 1980 Iraq invades Iran

Iraq invades Iranin wikipedia