Europe 1920: Allies Under Pressure
Britain, France, and Italy had grabbed much territory in the wake of the World War, but by 1920 events had turned against them. In November 1919, the U.S. Senate rejected the Versailles Treaty and America began to drift apart from the European Allies. Meanwhile, the Bolsheviks had all but won the civil war in Russia and Turkish and Arab nationalists were defying Western attempts to divide up the Ottoman Empire. Closer to home, Irish republicans began their revolt against Great Britain.