Europe 1848: First Italian War of Independence

When news of Metternich's flight reached Italy, Milan and Venice seized the opportunity to throw off Austrian rule. Italian nationalists throughout the peninsula rallied to their cause and by the end of April all the major Italian states had joined them in the fight against Austria. However the Papal States and Naples were only in the war to appease popular pressure and pulled out as soon as they could, leaving Sardinia as the main champion of Italian independence.

Main Events

22 Mar 1848 Republic of San Marco

Venetian revolutionaries mounted an insurrection in Venice, Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia in the Austrian Empire, and successfully incited the Italian garrison to mutiny. The Austrian commander, Count Ferdinana Zichy, withdrew and a provisional government of the Republic of San Marco was wikipedia

24 Mar 1848 Provisional Government of Schleswig-Holstein

German nationalists in Kiel, Duchy of Holstein, proclaimed a provisional government of Schleswig-Holstein over concerns that the Kingdom of Denmark would annex the Duchy of Schleswig. The Danish crown, which held sovereignty over both duchies, considered this an act of wikipedia

24 Mar 1848 First Italian War of Independence

The Kingdom of Sardinia declared war on the Austrian Empire in support of the revolutions in Milan and Venice, beginning the First Italian War of wikipedia

31 Mar–3 Apr 1848 Vorparlament

The German Ante-Parliament (Vorparlament) met in Frankfurt, Free City of Frankfurt, and decided to cooperate with the Bundestag of the German Confederation to form a national constituent wikipedia