Europe 1850: Erfurt Union
The restoration of Austrian power in Hungary and northern Italy encouraged Hanover and Saxony to abandon their alliance with Prussia. Undeterred, the Prussians pushed ahead with the creation of the Erfurt Union, successfully drawing most of the smaller German states into a new federation under Prussian leadership.
19 Oct 1849 Saxony abandons Prussia▲
The Kingdom of Saxony withdrew from Alliance of Three Kings with Prussia and Hanover.
23 Feb 1850 Hanover abandons Prussia▲
Kingdom of Hanover followed the lead of Saxony and withdrew from Alliance of Three Kings with Prussia.
20 Mar–29 Apr 1850 Erfurt Union Parliament held▲
The Kingdom of Prussia held the Erfurt Union Parliament in an attempt to create a new German federation excluding the Austrian Empire. It initially received the support of 22 German states, but lacks the backing of the Kingdoms of Hanover, Saxony, Bavaria, and Wurttemberg.
12 Apr 1850 Pope returns to Rome▲
Pope Pius IX returned to Rome, Papal States, after the French Empire, which garrisoned the city, assured him it would not meddle in Papal affairs.