Appeasement at Munich

The Rise of Fascism

Europe 1938.1102

Appeasement at Munich

The Rise of Fascism in Italy, National Socialism in Germany, the Spanish Civil War, and the expansion of Nazi Germany (2 November 1938)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

From March 1938, pro-Nazis in the Sudetenland, a part of Czechoslovakia with a large German population, started pressing for autonomy and closer ties with Germany. Desperate to avert a crisis, Britain and France decided to mediate. However, rather than supporting their ally Czechoslovakia, they agreed to let Germany annex the disputed territories. War had been avoided, but British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's claims of "Peace for our time" would soon be disproved.

Main Events

Munich Agreement signed

Occupation of the Sudetenland

Poland occupies Teschen

Slovakia granted autonomy within Czechoslovakia

First Vienna Award

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