Europe 1921: Limits of Soviet Expansion
With their success in Russia, the Bolsheviks had hoped to spread the Revolution across Europe. However, their setbacks in the west, especially against Poland, and large scale popular unrest at home forced them to bring an end to policies of expansion and focus on rebuilding the Soviet economy.
Jan 1921 Makhnovist operationsexpand across Ukraineand southern Russia▲
Makhnovist operationsexpand across Ukraineand southern Russia
19 Feb 1921 Franco-Polish defensive alliance signed.▲
Franco-Polish defensive alliance signed.
2 Mar 1921 Kronstadt Rebellion▲
Soviet sailors revoltat Kronstadt
16 Mar 1921 Treaty of Moscow▲
Soviet Russia and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey sign the Treaty of Brotherhood in Moscow, undertaking to establish friendly relations between the two internationally unrecognized countries after both came close to clashing over Armenia and Georgia. The Soviets recognize the Turkish claim to Kars, while the Turks recognize Batum as part of Soviet Georgia.
18 Mar 1921 Peace of Riga▲
Poland’s victory over the Soviet Union enabled them to annex large areas of what had been Belarus, Ukraine, and Lithuania.