Europe 1850: Humiliation of Olmütz
The Erfurt Union did not last long. In autumn the Electorate of Hesse, which formed the crucial bridge between Prussia’s eastern and western possessions, went into revolt and the Elector called for support from the Diet of the German Confederation, the entity the Union had supposedly replaced. For a few months, forces of the Prussian-dominated Union and the Austrian-dominated Confederation faced off over Hesse, but in the end Prussia gave in, abandoning the Erfurt Union at the Treaty of Olmütz.
2 Jul 1850 Peace of Berlin▲
Kingdom of Prussia and Kingdom of Denmark signed the Peace of Berlin. Schleswig would continue to be governed by Denmark while Holstein would be ruled by an administrator.
12 Sep 1850 Revolt in Electorate of Hesse▲
A popular revolt broke out in the Electorate of Hesse. Elector Frederick William and his government fled the capital Kassel and called on the German Diet to restore order, despite being a member of the Erfurt Union.
20 Oct 1850 Warsaw Conference▲
At the Warsaw Conference, representatives of Kingdom of Prussia, Austrian Empire, and Russian Empire met to re-establish order in German states and prevent war between Prussia and Austria over dispute over Electorate of Hesse. Russia gave its support to Austria.
1 Nov 1850 Austria & Bavaria invade Hesse▲
Forces of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Bavaria occupied Hanau, Electorate of Hesse, while Prussia prepared for war.
29 Nov 1850 Punctation of Olmütz▲
A treaty was signed at Olmütz, Moravia, between the Kingdom of Prussia and the Austrian Empire, whereby Prussia would back down in Electorate of Hesse, abandon Erfurt Union, and accept the revival of German Confederation under Austrian leadership; also known as the “humiliation of Olmütz”