Europe 1943: Kursk and Sicily
By mid-1943, the Axis situation was rapidly deteriorating with Germany losing its foothold in North Africa and being forced to put its submarine campaign on hold while Allied bombers brought increasing terror to the Fatherland. Hitler's solution was a new offensive in the East, but the Russians were ready for his assault on Kursk and the Western Allies diverted his attention by invading Sicily.
5 Mar–31 Jul 1943 Battle of the Ruhr▲
Allied strategic bombing campaign
7 May 1943 Fall of Tunis▲
Following a month of bitter fighting in Tunisia, the Allied forces broke through in early May 1943. At dawn on 7 May armor of the British Eighth Army rolled into Tunis; a few hours later the American First Army entered Bizerte. The remaining German and Italian forces in North Africa would surrender to the Allies over the following week.
24 May 1943 Black May▲
German naval command abandons attacks on North Atlantic convoys
5–16 Jul 1943 German offensive against Kursk salient▲
German offensive against Kursk salient
9 Jul–17 Aug 1943 Operation Husky▲
In Operation Husky, an Allied invasion fleet landed 160,000 troops of the US Seventh Army and the British Eighth Army on the southeast coast of Italy in the largest amphibious invasion to date. Despite facing some 300,000 Italian and German personnel, the invasion proceeded quickly. The British advanced through the eastern half of the island while the Americans swept through the west, with both forces meeting at Messina on 17 August.