Bolsheviks Gain Control in Russia

The Great War

Europe 1917.1201

Bolsheviks Gain Control in Russia

World War I in Europe and the Russian Revolution (1 December 1917)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

By December 1917, Lenin's Bolsheviks controlled many of the major cities of Russia and the Republic had collapsed. Resistance was strongest amongst the various Cossack hosts, the Menshevik forces in Transcaucasia, and the independence movements among many of Russia's ethnic minorities.

Main Events

Kerensky-Krasnov uprising

Transcaucasian Commissariat

The Transcaucasian Commissariat, headed by Georgian pro-Menshevik Social Democrat Nikolay Chkheidze, is established at Tblisi in response to what it considers the illegal seizure of power by the Bolsheviks in Petrograd. Still considering itself part of the now-defunct Russian Republic, the Commissariat temporarily unites Armenians, Georgians, and Azerbaijanis in one state.

Bolsheviks capture Moscow

Ukrainian People's Republic

Battle of Cambrai

The Allies, led by the British, launched an offensive on German lines around Cambrai, France. The first day of the battle saw the first mass tank attack in history, with over 400 British tanks in use. However mechanical failure and German defenses limited the impact of the tanks, and the Allied attack ultimately failed to break through.

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