the Arctic 1818
Treaty of 1818
Fighting between Britain and the United States came to an end in 1815, with the Allies defeating Napoleon later that ...
the Arctic 1825
Britain and the United States followed their 1818 treaty by defining their boundaries with Spain and Russia. The Spanish, with ...
French invasion of Algeria
Following three years of deteriorating relations, France invaded Algiers in mid-1830. Although their swift victory would initiate over a century ...
The overthrow of King Charles X in France in July 1830 inspired revolutions across Europe, most notably in the United ...
November Uprising in Poland
When revolutions broke out in France and Belgium in 1830, the conservative Russian government decided to send its Polish Army ...
First Egyptian-Ottoman War
In return for assisting the Ottoman Empire in Greece, Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali - nominally an Ottoman governor - demanded he be ...
North America 1832
Trail of Tears
In 1830, there were still five large American Indian groups living as semi-independent nations east of the Mississippi: the Cherokee ...
Battle of Konya
After defeating the Ottoman Empire in Syria in 1831-32, Muhammad Ali's Egyptian army invaded the Turkish heartland of Anatolia ...
Convention of Kütahya
The 1832 Egyptian victory over the Ottoman Empire at Konya left Constantinople defenseless, driving the Sultan to request Russian support ...
When King João VI of Portugal died in 1826, a succession dispute arose between the king's eldest son, Pedro ...
First Carlist War
Opposition to liberal reforms in Spain led to an uprising in 1833, with the pro-absolutist Carlists supporting the claim of ...
North America 1835
Second Seminole War
The Seminole of Florida were the most independent of the Indian peoples marked for relocation to the west, having been ...
North America 1836
By the 1830s the Mexican border region of Texas had become dominated by settlers from the neighboring US. When, in ...
Accession of Queen Victoria
In 1837, King William IV of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland died and was succeeded by his ...
the Arctic 1837
By the 1830s, the British colonies of Upper and Lower Canada were growing in population but still found themselves dominated ...
North America 1837
In the north, the British colonies of Upper and Lower Canada were growing in population but still found themselves dominated ...
North America 1838
Fragmentation of Central America
A united Central America had broken away from Mexico in 1823, but remained unstable. In 1837, revolution erupted in Guatemala ...
North America 1840
Mexico was more stable than Central America, but only marginally so. Under the Centralist regime which had held sway since ...
Second Egyptian-Ottoman War
The Ottoman army attempted to reconquer Syria in 1839, but was routed by the Egyptians. To make matters even worse ...
North America 1840
The Comanche had taken advantage of Mexican weakness to gain control of the trade routes crossing the southern Great Plains ...