Collapse of the Central Powers

The Great War

Europe 1918.1025

Collapse of the Central Powers

World War I in Europe and the Russian Revolution (25 October 1918)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

The Allied advances of August and September were too much for the Central Powers. Bulgaria accepted defeat on September 29, followed by the Ottoman Empire on October 30. Meanwhile Polish, Czech, and Hungarian populations began to break away from Austria-Hungary, while Germany negotiated an armistice with the Americans.

Main Events

Armistice of Salonica

After requesting a ceasefire on 24 September, the Bulgarian government signs the Armistice of Salonica (a.k.a. Thessalonica) with the Allied Powers, represented by French General Louis Franchet d'Espérey, in Thessaloniki, Greece. The armistice ends Bulgaria's participation in World War I on the side of the Central Powers effective as of noon on 30 September.

First Czechoslovak Republic

Hungarian parliament independent under crown figurehead

Polish Independence Day

Battle of Vittorio Veneto

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