Australasia 1914: Conquest of the German Pacific
The Great War opened in the Pacific with a string of easy victories for the New Zealanders and Australians as they seized Germany’s scattered Pacific colonies. Meanwhile they eagerly sent troops to fight under British command in the altogether more serious war underway in Europe.
29-30 Aug 1914 Occupation of German Samoa▲
The New Zealand “Samoa Expeditionary Force” landed at Apia, capital of German Samoa, and proceeded to occupy the colony without facing any resistance from the local German authorities. After escorting the Samoa force, the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force sailed on to Port Moresby for the invasion of German New Guinea.
9 Sep 1914 Australians occupation of Nauru▲
A detachment from the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force accompanied by the cruiser HMAS Melbourne arrived in the German colony of Nauru, capturing the island and its wireless station for the British Empire.
11-24 Sep 1914 Occupation of German New Guinea▲
The Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (ANMEF), consisting of 1000 soldiers and 500 sailors, supported by the battlecruiser HMAS Australia and 6 other warships, arrived off Rabaul, on New Pomerania (New Britain) and capital of German New Guinea. After a day of fighting, they destroyed the German wireless station at Bita Paka, taking control of the Rabaul area by the 17th and the northern New Guinea center of Madang on the 24th.
16 Oct-3 Nov 1914 Australian and New Zealand expeditionary forces▲
The New Zealand Expeditionary Force is sent from New Zealand to Australia where it joins with the First Australian Imperial Force in a convoy sailing for British-controlled Egypt. Originally intended for Europe, the two forces will be combined to form the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) for the Gallipoli Campaign.