Conquest of the German Pacific

Southern Dominions

Australasia 1914.0924

Conquest of the German Pacific

From the Federation of Australia and World War I in the South Pacific to the outbreak of World War II (24 September 1914)

Historical Map of Australia, New Zealand & the Southwest Pacific

The Great War opened in the Pacific with a string of easy victories for the New Zealanders and Australians as they seized Germany's scattered Pacific colonies. Meanwhile they eagerly sent troops to fight under British command in the altogether more serious war underway in Europe.

Main Events

Occupation of German Samoa

The New Zealand "Samoa Expeditionary Force" lands at Apia, capital of German Samoa, and proceeds to occupy the colony without facing any resistance from the local German authorities. After escorting the Samoa force, the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force sails on to Port Moresby for the invasion of German New Guinea.

Australians occupation of Nauru

A detachment from the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force accompanied by the cruiser HMAS Melbourne arrives in the German colony of Nauru, capturing the island and its wireless station for the British Empire.

Occupation of German New Guinea

The Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (ANMEF), consisting of 1000 soldiers and 500 sailors, supported by the battlecruiser HMAS Australia and 6 other warships, arrives off Rabaul, on New Pomerania (New Britain) and capital of German New Guinea. After a day of fighting, they destroy the German wireless station at Bita Paka, taking control of the Rabaul area by the 17th and the northern New Guinea center of Madang on the 24th.

Australian and New Zealand expeditionary forces

The New Zealand Expeditionary Force is sent from New Zealand to Australia where it joins with the First Australian Imperial Force in a convoy sailing for British-controlled Egypt. Originally intended for Europe, the two forces will be combined to form the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) for the Gallipoli Campaign.

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