Europe 1859: Unification of Central Italy
The Second Italian War of Independence was officially ended at Treaty of Zurich, which gave Lombardy to Sardinia. A further clause insisted on the restoration of the rulers of central Italy but the rebellious central Italian states instead opted to unite under Sardinian rule.
11 Nov 1859 Treaty of Zurich ends Second Italian War of Independence▲
Treaty of Zurich ends Second Italian War of Independence
30 Nov 1859 Kingdom of Sardinia annexes Lombardy▲
Kingdom of Sardinia annexes Lombardy
3 Dec 1859 United Provinces of Central Italy▲
Tuscany, Parma, Modena and Romagna united to form United Provinces of Central Italy