Focus on the Middle East

The Cold War

Europe 1977.0615

Focus on the Middle East

The Cold War in Europe (15 June 1977)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

In 1967, Israel had conquered large swathes of Arab territory. In 1973, Soviet-supported Egypt and Syria attempted to retake these lands. They failed, but US backing of Israel led to an Arab oil embargo against the West. Further instability in the region occurred when ethnic tension led to a Turkish invasion of Cyprus and Palestinian refugees helped set off a civil war in Lebanon.

Main Events

Britain, Denmark, and Ireland become members of the EEC

Yom Kippur War

Egypt and Syria attack Israel

OAPEC oil embargo begins

Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) decide to cut oil production to force the United States to end support of Israel

Turkish troops land in Northern Cyprus in response to Greek Cypriot coup

Fighting breaks out between Muslims and Christians in Lebanon

Spanish referendum gives approval to free parliamentary elections

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