The Cold War
The Cold War in Europe (21 September 1955)
Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean
After the death of Stalin in 1953, a thaw in relations between East and West allowed for the end of the occupations of Germany and Austria. However when West Germany was accepted into NATO, the Soviets retaliated by forming their own alliance: the Warsaw Pact.
National Liberation Front begins Algerian War of Independence
West Germany joins NATO
The Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania signed the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation, and Mutual Assistance - later known as the Warsaw Pact - in Warsaw, Poland. The pact was created in reaction to the integration of West Germany into NATO.