Siege of Sevastopol

The Eastern Question

Europe 1854.1105

Siege of Sevastopol

The Second French Empire, the Crimean War and the Anglo-Persian War (5 November 1854)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

The Allies decided to destroy Russian power in the Black Sea by capturing the key naval base of Sevastopol, on the Crimean peninsula. While they were en route, Austria succeeded in pressuring Russia to withdraw from Moldavia and Wallachia. This could have ended the war, but the Allies sailed on to besiege Sevastopol and punish the Russians nonetheless.

Main Events

Austra & Prussia declare neutrality

Austrian Empire and Kingdom of Prussia declare their neutrality in Crimean War

Allies occupy Piraeus

French Empire and Great Britain occupy Piraeus to enforce Greek neutrality in Crimean War

Battle of Bomarsund

After entering the Baltic Sea, naval forces from the United Kingdom and the French Empire, supported by troops and artillery who had landed on the island, opened fire on the Russian fortress of Bomarsund on Sund (one of the Aland Islands). Following several days of facing bombardment by land and sea, the 2,000 remaining Russian defenders agreed to surrender. The Allies then demolished the fortress, remaining in occupation of the island until mid-September.

Austria occupies Moldavia & Wallachia

Austrian Empire occupies Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia in agreement with Ottoman Empire and in wake of Russian withdrawal

Landing at Calamita Bay

The Anglo-French expeditionary force landed at Calamita Bay, southeast of Eupatoria and 56km north of Sevastopol, in Crimea, Russian Empire. Although disorganised and weakened by cholera and dysentery, lack of Russian opposition to these landings allowed the Allies to form a beachhead of 6 km inland. On 19 September the two armies headed south, defeating the Russians at Alma the following day.

Allies besiege Sevastopol

French, British, and Ottoman forces begin the siege of the important naval base of Sevastopol, Russian Empire

About this map