Outbreak of the Crimean War

The Crimean War

Europe 1854.0328

Outbreak of the Crimean War

The Second French Empire, the Crimean War and the Anglo-Persian War (28 March 1854)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

In 1853, Russia occupied the Ottoman vassal states of Moldavia and Wallachia. After the Russians refused an ultimatum to withdraw, the Turks declared war, but quickly lost control of the Black Sea when the Russians defeated their navy at Sinop. Unable to accept Russian dominance over the Ottoman Empire, France and Britain formed an alliance and entered the war a few months later.

Main Events

Russia invades Moldavia

Russian army crosses the River Pruth into Moldavia, a vassal state of the Ottoman Empire

Turkey declares war on Russia

Ottoman Empire declares war on Russian Empire in response to Russian occupation of Moldavia and Wallachia

Turkish naval defeat at Sinop

Russian warships led by Pavel Nakhimov destroy an Ottoman naval squadron anchored in Sinop harbor, giving Russia operational control of Black Sea

France & Britain declare war on Russia

French Empire and then Great Britain declare war on Russian Empire, starting their involvement in Crimean War

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