Outbreak of the Crimean War

The Crimean War

Europe 1854.0328

Outbreak of the Crimean War

The Second French Empire, the Crimean War and the Anglo-Persian War (28 March 1854)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

In 1853, Russia occupied the Ottoman vassal states of Moldavia and Wallachia. After the Russians refused an ultimatum to withdraw, the Turks declared war, but quickly lost control of the Black Sea when the Russians defeated their navy at Sinop. Unable to accept Russian dominance over the Ottoman Empire, France and Britain formed an alliance and entered the war a few months later.

Main Events

Russia invades Moldavia

On 3 July 1853, the Russian army crossed the River Pruth into Moldavia, a vassal state of the Ottoman Empire. Although the invasion was unopposed until November of that year, the invasion was considered by the Ottomans to be an act of war.

Turkey declares war on Russia

The Ottoman Empire declared war on Russian Empire in response to the Russian occupation of Moldavia and Wallachia.

Battle of Sinop

Russian warships led by Pavel Nakhimov destroyed an Ottoman naval squadron anchored in Sinop harbor, giving Russia operational control of Black Sea.

Anglo-French entry into Crimean War

In response to the Russian attack on the Ottoman port of Sinope and after the Russian Empire ignored an Anglo-French ultimatum, the French Empire formally declared war on Russia on 27 March 1854. The following day, the United Kingdom also declared war, bringing both nations into the Crimean War.

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