The Cold War
The Cold War in Europe (25 April 1982)
Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean
To defuse tensions in the Middle East, the US encouraged a permanent peace settlement between Egypt and Israel. However, while Egypt and the Arab nationalists were largely coming to terms with the West, a fundamentalist Islam was on the rise that opposed both Cold War alliances. In 1979, an Islamist revolution in Iran overthrew the pro-Western Shah. Later that year, Soviet forces invaded Afghanistan to support its Communist government against a similar uprising.
Libya is defeated by Egypt in a short border war; results in ceasefire and return to status quo ante bellum