Islamic Resurgence

The Cold War

Europe 1982.0425

Islamic Resurgence

The Cold War in Europe (25 April 1982)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

To defuse tensions in the Middle East, the US encouraged a permanent peace settlement between Egypt and Israel. However, while Egypt and the Arab nationalists were largely coming to terms with the West, a fundamentalist Islam was on the rise that opposed both Cold War alliances. In 1979, an Islamist revolution in Iran overthrew the pro-Western Shah. Later that year, Soviet forces invaded Afghanistan to support its Communist government against a similar uprising.

Main Events

Libyan-Egyptian War

Libya is defeated by Egypt in a short border war; results in ceasefire and return to status quo ante bellum

Camp David talks between Israel and Egypt

Iranian Revolution

Soviet Union begins invasion of Afghanistan in support of its Marxist government

Solidarity movement in Poland

Iraq invades Iran

About this map