Irish Civil War

Armistice Europe

Europe 1922.0628

Irish Civil War

The Treaty of Versailles and the European Revolutions in the wake of World War I (28 June 1922)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

The Irish War of Independence from Great Britain ended in December 1921 with a treaty dividing Ireland into two parts: a largely protestant north ruled by Britain and a mostly catholic self-governing dominion in the south. Many Irish republicans saw this treaty as a betrayal and in June 1922 clashes between these extremists and the new government in Southern Ireland led to war.

Main Events

Treaty of Ankara

France and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey signed the Franco-Turkish Agreement at Ankara, Turkey, bringing an end to the Franco-Turkish War. The treaty redefined the Syria-Turkey border, ceding large areas of the Aleppo and Adana vilayets to Turkey, and gave the sanjak of Alexandretta in Syria a special status to acknowledge its significant Turkish population.

Federative Union of Socialist Soviet Republics of Transcaucasia

Following the proposal of Soviet ruler, Vladimir Lenin, the Armenian, Azerbaijani and Georgian Soviet Socialist Republics were united into the Federative Union of Socialist Soviet Republics of Transcaucasia.

Irish Civil War

Dissatisfied with the Dominion status established in the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the Irish Republican Army led by Éamon de Valera revolted against the Irish Free State led by Chairman Michael Collins, who was killed in the fighting.

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