Rise of Daesh
The Crisis of Europe
Rise of Daesh
Eurozone crisis (17 July 2014)
Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean
In late 2013, Daesh (the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, also called ISIS or ISIL) had emerged as the dominant group in both civil war-torn northern Syria and western Iraq. In June 2014, they invaded northern Iraq and threatened to take Baghdad. In July, Israel invaded Gaza in response to rocket attacks, but world attention returned to Ukraine once again when a Malaysia Airlines flight was shot down over the separatist Donetsk People's Republic.
2014 Northern Iraq offensive
Daesh (the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, a.k.a. ISIL) launches a major offensive in northern Iraq from its bases in Anbar, attacking Samarra on 5 June and seizing Mosul (10 June) and Tikrit (11 June). As Iraqi government forces flee south, Kurdish forces take control in Kirkuk and much of northern Iraq.
US-led intervention in Iraq begins
At the invitation of the Iraqi Government, United States President Barack Obama orders US troops to Iraq in response to offensives by Daesh (the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, a.k.a ISIL).
Daesh (the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, or ISIL) announces the establishment of a worldwide caliphate, the Islamic State. ISIL's 1st Emir, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, is named as its caliph, taking on the new name "Caliph Ibrahim". The declaration of a caliphate is heavily criticized by Middle Eastern governments, Sunni Muslim theologians and historians, and even other jihadist groups.
New Ukrainian offensive starts in Donbass
After a week-long ceasefire, Ukraine renews operations against the insurgents in Luhansk and Donetsk
2014 Israel-Gaza conflict
Israel launches Operation Protective Edge, a major offensive against the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip. Israel states that Hamas had been launching rockets into Israeli territory. After seven weeks of fighting, Israel withdraws, with both sides claiming victory.
Battle of Tripoli Airport
The Libya Dawn coalition of revolutionaries launch their operation to seize Tripoli International Airport, on the outskirts of the capital of Libya, defeating the government-funded Zintan Brigades and proclaiming themselves as the new General National Congress. The Council of Deputies, the Libyan parliament, flees for Tobruk in the far east of the country.
Flight MH17 downed in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 shot down near Hrabove, Ukraine, while en route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpar