The Springtime of Peoples
The Year of Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848-1849, the Hungarian Revolution, the First Italian War of Unification and the First Schleswig War (29 October 1848)
Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean
Having imposed peace on the Sardinians, Austria now turned to crush the revolution in Hungary - even though that country was asking for reforms not independence. The population of Vienna sympathized with the Hungarian cause and flew into revolt, expelling the Habsburg imperial court from the city and forcing Austrian troops to hurry back to besiege their own capital. Eventually the Empire prevailed, retaking Vienna while beating back the pursuing Hungarians.
The British and French brokered a six-month armistice between King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies, ruling from Naples, and the rebellious Kingdom of Sicily.
Austrian Empire invades Hungary
Troops of the Kingdom of Croatia, part of the Austrian Empire, cross the Drava River into the Kingdom of Hungary, initiating the war to restore Habsburg power in Hungary
Russian invasion of Wallachia
Troops of the Russian Empire crossed the border into the Principality of Wallachia, displacing the forces of the Ottoman Empire who had arrived in Bucharest only two days earlier.
The third revolution in 1848 in Vienna broke out as troops left to crush the revolt in Hungary. The Habsburg commander of the Vienna garrison, Count Auersperg, was forced to evacuate the city, and the next day Emperor Ferdinand I fled with his court to Olmütz.
End of the Vienna Uprising
Austrian and Croatian forces of the Austrian Empire besieged rebel-held Vienna and, after heavy bombardment, finally took the city.
Hungarian march on Vienna
The Revolutionary Hungarian Army marched to the support of rebel-held Vienna, but was defeated by the army of the Austrian Empire at the Battle of Schwechat.