Battle of Stalingrad

World War II: Fall of the Third Reich

Europe 1942.1122

Battle of Stalingrad

World War II in Europe from Stalingrad to the fall of Berlin (22 November 1942)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

A week after their defeats in Africa, Germany suffered an even greater disaster on the Eastern Front when the four month long stalemate at Stalingrad was ended by a huge Soviet offensive which successfully isolated the German Sixth Army.

Main Events

German troops land in Tunisia

Darlan deal

Vichy French Admiral François Darlan, who happens to be visiting Algiers at the time of the Torch landings in French North Africa, negotiates a deal with the invading Allies. In return for Allied recognition of Darlan as commander of all French forces in the area and as High Commissioner of France for North and West Africa, Darlan orders all French forces to join the Allies. His order is obeyed, ending fighting in North Africa and bringing French West Africa into the Allied camp.

Case Anton

Germany occupies Vichy France

Operation Uranus

Soviet offensive isolates German Sixth Army at Stalingrad

End of siege of Malta

On 16 October 1942, the Germans called off their last major air attack on Malta. Although further offensives on the island were intended, the Allied victories in North Africa in early November meant that none were made. The lifting of the siege was confirmed to the Allies on 20 November, when, in Operation Stone Age, a convoy reached Malta from Alexandria without significant damage.

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