Battle of Magenta

Italian Unification

Europe 1859.0604

Battle of Magenta

Italian Unification (4 June 1859)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

In April 1859 Sardinia deliberately provoked an Austrian invasion, giving the French under Napoleon III an excuse to rush to her aid. The French armies used railways to swiftly cross Italy, with the combined Franco-Sardinian forces smashing the Austrians at Magenta a month later.

Main Events

Provisional government of Tuscany offers dictatorship over Tuscany to King of Sardinia

Austria invades Sardinia

France declares war on Austria

France and Sardinia defeat Austria at Magenta

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