The Crisis of Europe
Eurozone crisis (23 May 2014)
Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean
Following the Russian annexation of Crimea, pro-Russian unrest broke out across southern and eastern Ukraine, demanding referendums. The movement was strongest in the southeastern Donbass region where separatist groups took power in Donetsk and Luhansk.
Kharkov People's Republic
Pro-Russian protestors in Kharkov, Ukraine, proclaimed a Kharkov People's Republic, only to be suppressed later that day.
Donetsk People's Republic
Pro-Russian insurgents in Donetsk, Ukraine, proclaimed a Donetsk People's Republic.
Lugansk People's Republic declared
Pro-Russian insurgents in Luhansk, Ukraine, proclaimed a Lugansk People's Republic, but it was quickly suppressed by the Ukrainian government.
Pro-Russian activists skirmished with pro-Ukrainian demonstrators in Odessa, Ukraine.
Libyan Army forces under General Khalifa Haftar launched an assault on Islamist militia groups in Benghazi, including one blamed for the 2012 attack on the US embassy. The attack was the first in a general offensive - codenamed "Operation Dignity" - on the growing power of anti-government factions in Libya and marked the beginning of a new Libyan Civil War.