Second French Empire

The Crimean War

Europe 1852.1202

Second French Empire

The Second French Empire, the Crimean War and the Anglo-Persian War (2 December 1852)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

While the King of Prussia was backing down in Germany, the ambitious French President Louis-Napoleon was consolidating power in France. By 1852 he was ready to restore the French Empire with himself as Emperor Napoleon III. Although this alarmed the nations of Europe, where memories of the Napoleonic Wars were still strong, its importance was soon overshadowed by events further east.

Main Events

Russia withdraws from Danubian principalities

Russian Empire withdraws its troops from Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia

Prussia rejoins German Confederation

Kingdom of Prussia again recognizes German Confederation at Conference at Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, and agrees to secret alliance with Austrian Empire in defence of the German states

Louis-Napoleon stages coup d'etat

Prince Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, President of French Second Republic, conducts self-coup, arresting opposition leaders and dissolving French National Assembly

Powers guarantee integrity of Denmark

London Protocol signed by Austrian Empire, Great Britain, French Republic, Kingdom of Prussia, Russian Empire, Kingdom of Denmark, and Kingdom of Sweden, guaranteeing territorial integrity of Denmark and its federation

Referendum favors French Empire

Plebiscite in France over restoration of Empire under Louis Napoleon Bonaparte and family; it is approved by 96.9% of voters with a 79.8% turnout

2nd French Empire proclaimed

French Empire formally re-established, with Prince-President Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte being proclaimed as Napoleon III, Emperor of the French

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