Fall of the Last Roman Republic

The Springtime of Peoples

Europe 1849.0703

Fall of the Last Roman Republic

The Year of Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848-1849, the Hungarian Revolution, the First Italian War of Unification and the First Schleswig War (3 July 1849)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

The formation of the new Roman Republic and expulsion of the Pope had been an affront to the Catholic powers of Europe. While Austria invaded the new Republic from the north, the French, despite their own recent republican revolution, landed troops in the south and laid siege to Rome. Eventually the Roman defenses gave way and their leader, the already famous revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi, was forced to flee through the enemy lines to San Marino and then abroad with his small army of Italian patriots.

Main Events

German National Assembly moves to Stuttgart

In an attempt to escape suppression by Kingdom of Prussia, German National Assembly flees Free City of Frankfurt and moves to Stuttgart, Kingdom of Wurttemberg, establishing what will dismissively be known as the Rumpfparlament ('rump parliament')

German National Assembly dissolved

Army of Kingdom of Wurttemberg occupies parliamentary chamber of rump German National Assembly in Stuttgart, expelling deputies; unable to relocate, National Assembly is dissolved

French enter Rome

Forces of French Republic enter Rome, effectively ending Roman Republic and restoring Holy See's temporal power; however some 4000 defending Italian troops led by Giuseppe Garibaldi have already withdrawn in a bid to escape north

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