Scramble for Africa

Imperial Europe

Europe 1884.1115

Scramble for Africa

Imperial Europe (15 November 1884)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

In 1881 France alarmed Italy by seizing Tunisia. The next year Britain occupied Egypt, infuriating France - which had built and now co-owned the Suez Canal. To reduce the possibility of a general European conflict over these and numerous other disputes involving Africa, Germany organized the Berlin Conference in 1884.

Main Events

French conquest of Tunisia

Austria-Hungary, Germany and Russia form League of Three Emperors

Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy form Triple Alliance

British force occupies Cairo

Berlin conference of 14 nations on African affairs

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