Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

The Great War

Europe 1918.032

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

World War I in Europe and the Russian Revolution (20 March 1918)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

With Russia helpless against the German advance, Lenin was forced to pay a high price for peace. On 3 March 1918, the Bolsheviks signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, effectively recognizing German dominance over the previously Russian territories of eastern Europe.

Main Events

Bolsheviks gain control of Russia

Finland declares independence from Russia

Armistice of Focșani

Finnish Civil War breaks out

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Soviet Russia signs the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire at Brest-Litovsk, Russia. The treaty ends Russia's participation in World War I and forces it to cede the Baltic States to Germany, to cede Kars to the Ottoman Empire, and to recognize the independence of Ukraine and Finland. Russia is also obliged to pay six billion German gold marks in reparations.

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