Erfurt Union

The Springtime of Peoples

Europe 1850.0429

Erfurt Union

The Year of Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848-1849, the Hungarian Revolution, the First Italian War of Unification and the First Schleswig War (29 April 1850)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

The restoration of Austrian power in Hungary and northern Italy encouraged Hanover and Saxony to abandon their alliance with Prussia. Undeterred, the Prussians pushed ahead with the creation of the Erfurt Union, successfully drawing most of the smaller German states into a new federation under Prussian leadership.

Main Events

Saxony abandons Prussia

Kingdom of Saxony withdraws from Alliance of Three Kings with Kingdom of Prussia and Kingdom of Hanover

Hanover abandons Prussia

Kingdom of Hanover follows lead of Kingdom of Saxony and withdraws from Alliance of Three Kings with Kingdom of Prussia

Erfurt Union Parliament held

Kingdom of Prussia holds Erfurt Union Parliament in attempt to create new German federation excluding Austrian Empire; it initially receives support of 22 German states but lacks backing of Kingdoms of Hanover, Saxony, Bavaria, and Wurttemberg

Pope returns to Rome

Pope Pius IX returns to Rome, Papal States, after French Empire, which garrisons Rome, assures him it will not meddle in Papal affairs

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