World War II: Fall of the Third Reich
World War II in Europe from Stalingrad to the fall of Berlin (20 June 1944)
Historical Map of Europe and the Mediterranean
Despite Allied successes, Western Europe had remained firmly under German control since 1940. By June 1944 the Americans and British were ready to change this, landing 45 000 troops in northern France. The Second Front that Stalin had been demanding since the launch of Barbarossa was open.