Suez Crisis

The Cold War

Europe 1956.1107

Suez Crisis

The Cold War in Europe (7 November 1956)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

While the United States and the Soviet Union were facing off in Europe, the European powers were watching their colonial empires fall apart. When the pan-Arabist government of Egypt decided to nationalize the Anglo-French owned Suez Canal, Britain and France responded by engineering an invasion of Egypt with Israel - a recently formed Jewish state that Egypt had threatened to destroy. The result was international condemnation, US fury, and a humiliating withdrawal by the two powers.

Main Events

Morocco achieves independence from France and Spain

Tunisia gains independence from France

Britain and France bomb Egyptian airfields after Egypt rejects Anglo-French ultimatum to withdraw from Canal Zone

Soviet Union crushes Hungarian Revolution

Anglo-French ceasefire in Egypt

About this map