Kingdom of Italy

Italian Unification

Europe 1861.0317

Kingdom of Italy

Italian Unification (17 March 1861)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

The conquest of the Two Sicilies left the Kingdom of Sardinia in control of the entire Italian peninsula except for the French-garrisoned Papal States and the Austrian controlled northeast. On March 17 the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed, with the former Victor Emmanuel of Sardinia as its ruler.

Main Events

Secession of South Carolina

On 9 November 1860 the South Carolina General Assembly passed a "Resolution to Call the Election of Abraham Lincoln as U.S. President a Hostile Act" and stated its intention to declare secession from the United States. The following month, on 20 December, South Carolina declared its secession from the Union as the "Republic of South Carolina", becoming the first of the slave states to secede.

Francis II of the Two Sicilies surrenders to Garibaldi at Gaeta

Kingdom of Italy proclaimed with Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia as King

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