The Crisis of Europe
Eurozone crisis (19 March 2011)
Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean
In 2008 a major financial crisis had broken out in the US and rapidly spread to Europe. Its impact was greatest on Greece, Ireland and Portugal, small countries who had joined the single currency eurozone in the previous decade and were now heavily in debt in a currency over which they had no control.
Albania and Croatia join NATO
US troops withdrawn from Iraq
Following international and domestic pressure, the United States and its remaining Coalition partners plan in 2007 to withdraw from Iraq. In accordance with a Status of Forces agreement, US withdrawal begins on 30 June 2009 and completes on 18 December 2011, officially ending the Iraq War.
European sovereign-debt crisis in the euro zone
Starting in Tunisia, revolutionary protests swept the Arab world. The Tunisian government was overthrown in January 2011; President Hosni Mubarak resigned in Egypt in February; Libya collapsed into a civil war, leading to the capture and execution of dictator Muammar Gaddafi in October. Protests also occurred in Oman, Yemen, Syria, and Morocco. However by early 2012, the tide has subsided and the regimes had begun to reassert themselves.