First Egyptian-Ottoman War
In return for assisting the Ottoman Empire in Greece, Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali - nominally an Ottoman governor - demanded he be ...
Battle of Konya
After defeating the Ottoman Empire in Syria in 1831-32, Muhammad Ali's Egyptian army invaded the Turkish heartland of Anatolia ...
Convention of Kütahya
The 1832 Egyptian victory over the Ottoman Empire at Konya left Constantinople defenseless, driving the Sultan to request Russian support ...
When King João VI of Portugal died in 1826, a succession dispute arose between the king's eldest son, Pedro ...
First Carlist War
Opposition to liberal reforms in Spain led to an uprising in 1833, with the pro-absolutist Carlists supporting the claim of ...
Second Egyptian-Ottoman War
The Ottoman army attempted to reconquer Syria in 1839, but was routed by the Egyptians. To make matters even worse ...
The Egyptian rejection of the 1840 London Convention led to the Oriental Crisis, threatening the collapse of the Ottoman Empire ...
Conquest of the German Pacific
The Great War opened in the Pacific with a string of easy victories for the New Zealanders and Australians as ...
Southern Asia 1915
Ottoman Raids in Persia and Sinai
The defeat at Sarikamish did not end smaller scale Ottoman offensives, with one Turkish unit even managing to briefly capture ...
Southern Asia 1916
Pacification of South Persia
Back in Persia, the Ottomans had rolled back the Russian offensive and taken Hamadan. However the British were finally prepared ...
Southern Asia 1917
The securing of South Persia allowed the British to return their focus to Mesopotamia. In early 1917 they recaptured Kut ...
Southern Asia 1917
Sinai Campaign and Battle of Aqaba
While the British were advancing on Baghdad, they were also reconquering the Sinai Peninsula and ending the Ottoman threat to ...
Southern Asia 1919
Despite the end of World War I, the British remained concerned about the threat of revolutionary activity in India and ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1920
Africa and the Peace Treaties
Fighting continued in East Africa for a few days after the end of World War I in Europe, until news ...
Southern Asia 1922
Since its foundation in 1902, the Saudi state in Nejd had grown to cover much of the Arabian interior. In ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1922
League of Nations Mandates
Following the Treaty of Versailles the newly-formed League of Nations granted the victorious Allies mandates over the colonies they had ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1925
Campaign of the Sultanates
In 1922 Mussolini's National Fascist Party gained power in Italy and immediately began pushing for a stronger colonial policy ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1929
The 1920s saw a consolidation of the European hold over Africa as the colonial powers built railroads and made use ...
World War II and the Fall of France
In September 1939 a resurgent Germany invaded Poland, triggering war with Britain and France. Australia and New Zealand immediately joined ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1940
Debacle at Dakar
The Fall of France led to the creation of two opposing French governments: the Vichy French, who agreed to collaborate ...