In the early 1840s, Switzerland was still more a confederation of cantons than a nation state. The leading Radical Party ...
Aftermath of the Balkan Wars
At the Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria ceded land to Serbia, Greece, and Romania, ending the Second Balkan War between those ...
Consolidation of the Dutch East Indies
Despite its small size, the Netherlands emerged from the 19th century in charge of the rich and populous Dutch East ...
East Asia 1894
Donghak Peasant Revolution
In 1894, peasants and followers of the Donghak religious movement revolted against corrupt government officials in Korea. Alarmed, the Korean ...
Battle of the Paracel Islands
The 1969 Sino-Soviet conflict encouraged the United States to improve relations with the People's Republic of China, leading to ...
Trump's Immigration Ban and Terrorism
US President Donald Trump's executive order banning immigration from seven Muslim-majority countries avoids targeting both countries where Trump Organization ...
North America 1944
America in World War II
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States, bringing its U-boat campaign to the ...
Southern Asia 1949
First Arab-Israeli War
When Israel declared independence in 1948, the surrounding Arab states immediately declared war and invaded it. Although outnumbered, the Israelis ...
Cause and Effect
The 2016 Turkish Coup Attempt
On the night of 15 July 2016, elements of the Turkish Army made a bid to seize control in cities ...
Soviet Coup Attempt
By now the forces unleashed by Gorbachev were beginning to test the structural integrity of the Soviet Union itself. In ...