South America 1880
War of the Pacific
In February 1879 Chile had seized Antofagasta following a dispute with Bolivia. Peru sided with Bolivia, only to be defeated ...
South America 1879
Conquest of the Desert
Through much of the 19th century, the Argentine Republic had maintained an uneasy existence with the tribal peoples of the ...
South America 1881
Partition of Patagonia
When the War of the Pacific broke out in 1879, the Argentinians declared neutrality but remained sympathetic to Bolivia and ...
Dissolution of the Soviet Union
The signing of the Belavezha Accords and secession of Russia ended all hopes of preserving Soviet power. On 25 December ...
French invasion of Algeria
Following three years of deteriorating relations, France invaded Algiers in mid-1830. Although their swift victory would initiate over a century ...
Consolidation of the Dutch East Indies
Despite its small size, the Netherlands emerged from the 19th century in charge of the rich and populous Dutch East ...
East Asia 1894
Donghak Peasant Revolution
In 1894, peasants and followers of the Donghak religious movement revolted against corrupt government officials in Korea. Alarmed, the Korean ...
Battle of the Paracel Islands
The 1969 Sino-Soviet conflict encouraged the United States to improve relations with the People's Republic of China, leading to ...
Trump's Immigration Ban and Terrorism
US President Donald Trump's executive order banning immigration from seven Muslim-majority countries avoids targeting both countries where Trump Organization ...
Southern Asia 1949
First Arab-Israeli War
When Israel declared independence in 1948, the surrounding Arab states immediately declared war and invaded it. Although outnumbered, the Israelis ...