May Uprisings

The Springtime of Peoples

Europe 1849.0509

May Uprisings

The Year of Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848-1849, the Hungarian Revolution, the First Italian War of Unification and the First Schleswig War (9 May 1849)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

In Germany, the National Assembly in Frankfurt had produced a constitution for a new German Empire with King Frederick William IV of Prussia as its Emperor. However Frederick William rejected the role while only the smaller German states proved willing to adopt the constitution, provoking a new wave of revolutions in support of the National Assembly.

Main Events

Hungarians retake Buda-Pest

Forces of Austrian Empire abandon Buda and Pest, but leave a garrison in Buda Castle; Hungarian troops move into Buda hours later but spend the next month capturing the castle

French land near Rome

About ten thousand French Republic troops under General Oudinot land at Civitavecchia, north-west of Rome, in an invasion of Roman Republic

Austria overruns Tuscany

Fifteen thousand troops of Austrian Empire invade Grand Duchy of Tuscany, capturing capital of Florence a month later

Bavarian Rhineland revolts

After King Maximilian II of Bavaria rejects Frankfurt Constitution, a 'provisional defense committee' is declared in Kaiserslautern in Bavarian Rhineland, leading to a region-wide revolt

May Uprising in Dresden

Popular uprising in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, when King Frederick Augustus II refuses to accept the Frankfurt Constitution, forcing the government to flee; the revolutionaries are defeated with the support of troops from the Kingdom of Prussia

Frankfurt parliament demands all German states accept constitution

German National Assembly in Frankfurt demands all German states accept Constitution of the German Empire (Frankfurt Constitution), threatening to elect ruler other than King Frederick William IV of Prussia should he continue to reject role of Emperor

Unrest in Prussian Rhineland

Militia around Elberfeld, Dusseldorf and Solingen, Prussian Rhineland, mutiny in support of Frankfurt Constitution; they are joined by armed peasants but swiftly suppressed by troops of Kingdom of Prussia

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