End of the Crimean War

The Crimean War

Europe 1856.033

End of the Crimean War

The Second French Empire, the Crimean War and the Anglo-Persian War (30 March 1856)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

The siege of Sevastopol was poorly managed by both sides, but eventually the Allies prevailed. In 1856, under the additional threat of Austria entering the war, Russia agreed to terms. At the Treaty of Paris, the Russians ceded land to Moldavia and accepted the demilitarization of the Black Sea. In addition, all five Great Powers pledged to respect the independence and territorial integrity of the Ottoman Empire. The Crimean War was over.

Main Events

Sardinia joins Allies

The Kingdom of Sardinia/Piedmont joined the alliance against Russia in the Crimean War.

Russians capture Kars

Forces of Russian Empire besieged and captured Kars, Ottoman Empire.

Sevastopol falls

Following the French capture of the fortifications on the Malakoff, the Russian military was forced to evacuate the key Black Sea port of Sevastopol, Crimea, on 8 September 1855, bringing an end to the nearly one-year siege and signalling Russian defeat in the Crimean War. The following day, the Allies moved in to occupy the city.

Turks land in Abkhazia

Ottoman forces under Omar Pasha landed at Sukhumi, Abkhazia, in an attempt to relieve Kars.

Treaty of Paris

The Russian Empire signed the Treaty of Paris with the French Empire, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Sardinia, bringing an end to the Crimean War. By the terms of the treaty, the Black Sea was made neutral territory, closing it to all warships and prohibiting fortifications and armaments on its shores. This weakened the power of Russia, which also had to cede land in Bessarabia to Moldavia.

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