New Countries in Eastern Europe

Armistice Europe

Europe 1918.1204

New Countries in Eastern Europe

The Treaty of Versailles and the European Revolutions in the wake of World War I (4 December 1918)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

With the end of the Great War and the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the smaller nations of Eastern Europe seized the chance to assert themselves. Poland reemerged as an independent state after 123 years of foreign domination, while the Czechs and Slovaks joined to form Czechoslovakia and the Serbs and other southern Slavs united to form Yugoslavia.

Main Events

Austria proclaims union with Germany

Occupation of Constantinople

The first French troops arrive in the Ottoman capital of Constantinople, followed by the British the next day. The Allies divide the city into occupation zones, setting up a military administration in December. Italian and Greek forces will arrive later. The Allied occupation marks the first time Constantinople has changed hands since the original Ottoman conquest in 1453.

Annulment of Brest-Litovsk

Following the German capitulation, the Bolshevik legislature of Soviet Russia annuls the treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Although this theoretically revokes Soviet recognition of the independence of Finland, Poland, the Baltic states, and Ukraine, most of this area is either still under German occupation or de facto independent.

Creation of Yugoslavia

Allies occupy Rhineland

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