Reunification of Germany

Post-Cold War Europe

Europe 1990.1003

Reunification of Germany

Europe after the Cold War (3 October 1990)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria threw off Communist rule shortly after East Germany, marking the effective end of the Cold War. On October 3, 1990, East and West Germany were reunited after 45 years of division.

Main Events

Communist Czechoslovak leaders resign after a week of protests for democracy

Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceaucescu is overthrown

Bulgarian National Assembly formally abolishes Communist Party's leading role

Lithuania declares independence from the Soviet Union

Iraq invades Kuwait

German reunification

The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany (until this point often called West Germany), forming a reunited Germany. The capital of the Federal Republic was moved from Bonn to Berlin, although its government and membership in international organizations remained unchanged. The historical East German states of Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia were re-established as German states.

About this map